Posted on September 28, 2015
This is Part 2 of a five-part series on working with WordPress post-meta. If you haven’t, you’ll probably want to start with Part 1.
Today, we’re going to talk about how to store those bits of data
to your posts, pages, or even custom post types. As mentioned in the
previous article, there are two primary WordPress functions for updating
and adding post meta,
Let’s look at a few examples of data that we want to store to post meta:
- Post background color: #FF0000
- Subtitle: My Post Subtitle
- Show Social Links?: true
- Extra Resource links: Multiple URLs
If you recall, by default, post meta expects to be stored as an
array which would contain multiple rows data. However, in most cases, we
only want to store one piece of information for each post meta key. So
for the first three examples, we’ll want to use
update_post_meta, as it will overwrite any existing values with a new value for that key. We’ll then make sure we pass that third parameter in
get_post_meta to retrieve just the one value. Let’s look at some code:
$post_id = 25; $meta_key = 'wpsnipp_post_background_color'; $meta_value = '#f00'; // red update_post_meta( $post_id, $meta_key, $meta_value ); // ... Later in your theme or plugin // Let's retrieve our color value $color = get_post_meta( $post_id, $meta_key, true );
$post_id: The Post ID is the first variable we’ll
set. This will be the post, page, or custom post type item that this
data will be saved against.
$meta_key: This is the key that “unlocks” our data.
We need to know this key when we’re retrieving the data later as well.
This needs to have a good prefix and unique name to keep it from
conflicting with other plugins or themes. We’re using the descriptive
and unique meta key,
$meta_value: This will be the data you want to store. In our case, we’re saving a color hex code,
#f00, that we can then pull out later to add a background color to our post.
That’s it.. Whenever this code runs, it will update the post
meta, and we’ll be able to grab it anywhere else in our plugin or theme
via this snippet:
$post_id = 25; $meta_key = 'wpsnipp_post_background_color'; // Let's retrieve our color value $color = get_post_meta( $post_id, $meta_key, true );
Let’s go ahead and update our next 2 meta data values.
$post_id = 25; // Update our subtitle $meta_value = 'The Greatest Post Ever Written'; update_post_meta( $post_id, 'wpsnipp_post_subtitle', $meta_value ); // Update our "show social links?" meta // We could save this as true or false update_post_meta( $post_id, 'wpsnipp_show_social', true );
So we’re almost there. We’ve saved 3 pieces of related meta data
to our post that we can use in our templates to give them a custom feel.
Since our last bit of post-meta, “Extra Resource links” will most
likely take multiple resource urls, we’ll save it for our next post
describing the use of
We wanted to keep these posts to the basics of working with post
meta, but we have left out one crucial detail, that of sanitization.
Anytime you’re adding data to the WordPress database, you want to take
precautions that the data is safe. WordPress has provided us with no
shortage of functions that can help you sanitize data before saving it (
Part 2 of a 5 part series originally written for wpsnipp.com (1, 2, 3, 4, 5)